Sinus infection (Sinusitis) can be one of the most troublesome medical conditions; either with or without mucus, it can lead to extreme discomfort, irritation, headache, and pain. Sinus infection without congestion or mucus can only be diagnosed and treated with prescription medications from healthcare providers. Symptoms of sinusitis without mucus can range from irritation, headache, and fever, while treatment options start with the correct diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics and pain relievers. Over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help relieve the pain and fever, while antibiotics can help with the underlying bacteria or foreign object causing sinusitis.
Sinus headache without congestion
Sinus infection (Sinusitis) is the inflammation of the tissue linings in the sinus cavity present in the face. Altogether, four sinuses in the face and skull are filled with air. They get an infection when the foreign parasite attacks the linings (Bacteria, viruses, and fungi), leading to mucus production and congestion. Usually, mucus production and congestion indicate bacterial and viral sinusitis.
Sometimes, sinusitis occurs without congestion and mucus production, leading to severe headaches and discomfort in the sinuses.
Causes of Sinus infection without mucus
Foreign objects like bacteria, fungi, and mainly viruses can attack the sinus to cause sinusitis, sometimes leading to severe congestion or minimum to no mucus production in response.
Some of the main causes of the sinus infection leading to no mucus are
As per the recent National Institute of Health Research, sinusitis is typically caused by viruses and often resolves on its own with time. Around 90% of individuals with colds experience some degree of viral sinusitis.
Viral Infection causing sinusitis without mucus production leads to irritation in the nose and facial area due to the narrowed and blocked with certain pressure.
Treatment options for viral sinusitis are as follows.
- Getting bed rest for 2-3 days.
- Drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated and let the body fight the infection.
- In case of dry sinusitis, place a humidifier in your room to add moisture.
- Over-the-counter medications like Acetaminophen to relieve pain.
2. Allergic Sinusitis
Allergic sinusitis is triggered by allergens, specifically external factors in the air like dust, dander, pollen, or any pungent fragrance that you are allergic to. It can trigger the immune system, leading to a sinus infection.
The most causating factors of allergic sinusitis are the external factors present in the air you inhale. It can be avoided by keenly observing the environment you stay in.
3. Dry Sinusitis
Dry sinusitis is referred to as the same sinus infection with less production of thick mucus which can typically be noticed with the normal sinus infection. Various factors can contribute to dry sinusitis infection, including
- Dry environment or less moisture in the air
- Internal physiology that affected mucus production
- Lack of strong immunity and immunity response from the body
Here is the list of medications that can lead to the dry sinusitis :
- Antihistamines ( Diphenhydramine,Cetirizine )
- Decongestant Nasal Sprays ( Oxymetazoline )
- Anticholinergic Medications ( Oxybutynin )
- Antidepressants ( Amitriptyline )
- Antipsychotic Medication
- Medications for High Blood Pressure ( Hydrochlorothiazide )
- Opioid Pain Medications ( Oxycodone )
4. Chronic Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis is the extreme and severe stage of sinus infection that occurs after a longer period and persistent inflammation in the sinus cavity due to viral, bacterial, fungal, or allergy-causing agents.
It’s the stage where medical consultation is a must to diagnose and treat the underlying condition properly. Treatment options can be antiviral or antibiotic prescription medication as per the diagnosis by the healthcare provider.
Symptoms of Sinus infection without mucus
The following are the most common symptoms of sinus infection with minimum to zero mucus production.
Migraine due to Sinus infection
Are you experiencing migraines along with the sinus infection? Most probably, it’s because of your sinus infection that affected your normal physiology.
Following are all the causes of the migraine you are experiencing:
1. Sinus pressure
Sinus pressure is the common sign of sinus infection where the pressure is built up in all four cavities of the sinuses. This pressure eventually affects the surrounding organs, including blood vessels and nerves in the head. This can typically cause or worsen the migraine in the susceptible individuals.
2. Inflammatory response
The body’s immunity responds in a certain way to any or all of the foreign entering objects. In the case of sinus infections, the body responds by producing cytokines in the body, leading to inflammation in the sinuses, eventually causing headaches or migraines. Changes in the blood vessel function for releasing cytokines in the body are the main cause of migraine in the sinus infection.
3. Pain perception
Sinus infection can cause quite discomforting symptoms, including headache, fever, and sinus pressure in the facial area. This pressure and pain can cause an individual’s pain threshold very lower to a degree where a minor pain can be felt intense. Minor headaches in such a case can be felt as severe migraines leading.
Treatment of Migraine with Sinus Infection
Consulting a healthcare provider is the first option for the treatment of migraine to get the proper diagnosis of an underlying agent causing migraine and prescription according to the condition. It’s important to note that if not treated properly, migraines can come again with the same or more intensity with or without a sinus infection.
Other temporary treatment options can be :
- Getting bedrest.
- Over the counter pain relief medications like Tylenol (acetaminophen) or Advil.
- Nasal decongestants like Oxymetazoline.
When to see a doctor
Sinusitis without mucus often leads to severe migraine and facial pressure. Getting a healthcare consultation is crucial to avoid the relapse of migraines and get the proper diagnosis as well as prescription.
FAQs about Metallic Taste in Mouth
Depending on your sinus infection, it can last for several days to weeks. If you have an acute sinus infection, it will last for several days on and off; chronic sinusitis can last for a month. Getting a medical consultation for a headache or migraine during sinusitis or trying over-the-counter medications is good.