Yeast infection treatment and prescription

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Prescription medications commonly used to treat yeast infections include Clotrimazole (Canesten), Terbinafine (Lamisil), Fluconazole (Diflucan), Ketoconazole (Daktarin), and Nystatin (Nystan). These antifungal medications come in various forms, like creams, ointments, tablets, and suppositories, and are effective in treating yeast infections caused by Candida. 

The best course of treatment for a yeast infection depends on the kind and severity of the infection, so it is crucial to see a doctor for a correct diagnosis. Get treatment without delays and stay healthy from the inside out. Prioritize your health to avoid the risk of infection spread or any complications.

What is a yeast infection?

An overabundance of the fungus candida causes a yeast infection, also known as candidiasis. When the yeast Candida overgrows, especially albicans, it causes a yeast infection, which is also called candidiasis. The vagina, skin folds, and mouth are just a few of the many potential sites for yeast infections. In the vaginal area, yeast infections are known as vulvovaginal candidiasis.

What are the symptoms of yeast infection?

  • Yeast infections can cause redness, itching, burning, and changes in the consistency of discharge are common symptoms.
  • In the vaginal area, symptoms may include a sore and itchy vagina/vulva, soreness, burning, redness around the entrance to the vagina (vulva), slight swelling of the vaginal lips (labia), and cottage cheese-like white discharge.
  • Other symptoms can include pain during sex, thick discharge, red and swollen labia, burning around the vulva, and discomfort during urination.
  • The penis tip is a common site for yeast infections in men, which can cause redness, irritation, and discharge.

Causes of yeast infection

Factors that can lead to yeast infection include:

  • Overuse or misuse of antibiotics, hormonal imbalances, stress, uncontrolled diabetes, and pregnancy. Antibiotics have the potential to upset the vaginal balance of bacteria, which can result in an excess of yeast.
  • Increased estrogen levels, uncontrolled diabetes, and conditions that suppress the immune system can also contribute to the development of yeast infections.
  • It is important to note that yeast infections are not spread through sexual contact, but sexual activity can sometimes lead to yeast infections due to changes in vaginal flora.
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Treatment of yeast infection

Various methods can be employed to treat a yeast infection based on the severity, site of infection, and frequency of the infection.

  • Fluconazole (Diflucan) is commonly prescribed for vaginal yeast infections.
  • Clotrimazole is prescribed to cure thrush and other mouth yeast infections.
  • Topical antifungal creams, such as clotrimazole, miconazole, or terconazole, can be prescribed to treat skin yeast infections effectively.

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How to prevent yeast infection?

To prevent yeast infections, several strategies can be implemented based on the information from the provided sources:

  1. Practice good oral hygiene to prevent yeast infections in the mouth (thrush). Keep skin folds dry and reduce friction to prevent yeast infections in skin folds.
  2. Opt for breathable underwear, preferably made of cotton, to help prevent vaginal or genital yeast infections. Loose-fitting clothing can also help reduce moisture and heat around private parts, lowering the risk of yeast infections.
  3. Refrain from using scented tampons, pads, vaginal deodorants, and perfumed feminine hygiene products that can disrupt the natural balance of the vagina and cause irritation, potentially leading to vaginitis or yeast infections.
  4. Antibiotics can upset the body’s bacterial balance, which can cause an overgrowth of yeast, so use them only when absolutely necessary. Avoid unnecessary antibiotic use to prevent yeast infections.
  5. Change wet clothes immediately and keep the genital area dry, especially after swimming or exercising, to prevent moisture buildup that can create a favorable environment for yeast growth.
  6. Consuming yogurt with active cultures can help add good bacteria to the body, aiding in controlling yeast. Additionally, making dietary changes and incorporating probiotics can contribute to preventing yeast infections.

How to connect with doctor for yeast infection

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Hi Dr. Nicole, I have had a cottage cheese discharge with vaginal itching for 3 days. What can I do?

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