Bleeding caused by placental abruption
Placental abruption occurs when the placenta detaches from the uterus early in the pregnancy before the time of delivery. It commonly occurs around 25 weeks of pregnancy in roughly 1% of pregnancies. Placental abruption may lead to spontaneous vaginal bleeding in pregnant women unrelated to sexual intercourse or after sexual intercourse.
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Bleeding Caused by a Subchorionic Hematoma
Subchorionic hematoma, also known as subchorionic bleeding, occurs when blood forms between the placenta and the uterus. It may lead to light spotting, or it may cause no symptoms, and it happens most often during the first trimester of pregnancy. Some subchorionic hematomas are diagnosed during routine ultrasounds. It typically resolves on its own without the need for any medical or surgical intervention. (https://rxreviewz.com/)
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Bleeding After Sex Caused by Miscarriage
Vaginal bleeding when pregnant may indicate a woman experiencing a miscarriage or loss of pregnancy. Bleeding due to a miscarriage is often heavy and may last several days.
Signs and symptoms of a miscarriage also include:
- Loss of pregnancy symptoms such as nausea
- White-pink mucus
- Passing of clots of tissue-like material
- Lower back pain
Bleeding by Trimester
Vaginal bleeding experienced during the first trimester of pregnancy is more common than bleeding experienced in the second or third trimesters.
Light bleeding in the second trimester may be caused by irritation or inflammation of the cervix, whereas heavy bleeding may related to the placenta.
Vaginal bleeding during the third r trimester may signify preterm labor, full-term labor, placenta previa, or placental abruption. Certain infections may lead to vaginal bleeding at any time throughout the pregnancy.
Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any vaginal bleeding during your pregnancy. Noting the amount of blood, the color of the blood, and the duration of the bleeding help determine what may be the cause of the bleeding.
The first action to take is to abstain from intercourse, especially in the case of a more severe condition such as placenta abruption. Furthermore, your doctor may recommend pelvic rest, avoiding inserting anything in the vagina until further notice, or antibiotics in case of an infection.
Depending on the condition, stage, and severity, the following treatment may be required:
- Ectopic pregnancy: medical or surgical treatment.
- Vaginal lacerations: In case of profuse bleeding, surgical treatment and blood transfusion may be necessary.
- Placental abruption or placenta previa: Cesarean delivery and a blood transfusion may be necessary.
Abstinence from sex may be the only prevention until or unless your doctor has cleared you for sexual activity. Depending on the severity and condition, changing sexual positions or decreasing the intensity of sexual activity may help prevent bleeding as well.
When to consult a doctor
If you experience any unusual bleeding, spotting, or other unusual symptoms during pregnancy, particularly after sex, you should try seeking professional advice immediately to rule out the possibility of anything serious.
FAQs about bleeding after sex during pregnancy
Is bleeding after sex while pregnant normal?
Any amount of vaginal bleeding after sex can raise a concern. Some amount of bleeding or spotting that subsides soon after is considered normal. However, if the bleeding is consistent, heavy, or accompanied by lower abdominal pain, it is advisable to inform your doctor or visit the ER.
Is sexual activity safe during pregnancy?
Sex is a normal part of pregnancy. In the case of a normal pregnancy, intercourse does not harm the baby.
How much blood is too much after sex while pregnant?
If you experience heavy bleeding after penetration, your pregnancy may be at risk, and you should follow up with your doctor or visit the ER.