Safe online pregnancy medications
Some of the prescription medications that are considered safe in pregnancy are Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) for allergies, Penicillins (Amoxicillin) for bacterial infections, Dextromethorphan (Robitussin) and Guaifenesin (Mucinex) for cold, and Loperamide for diarrhea.
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Categories of drugs for pregnancy
Drugs can be classified into three different categories in terms of consumption during pregnancy.
- Alcohol and drugs
- Prescription medications
- Over-the-counter medications.
Alcohol and drugs
Alcohol and other drugs, including nicotine, angel dust, cocaine, crack, heroin, LSD, marijuana, and speed, increase the chance of fetal anomalies and are not safe during pregnancy. These drugs get transferred from the placenta to the developing baby and affect the brain and limb growth of the baby.
Alcohol, tobacco, and medications can also lead to premature birth, low birth weight, placental abruption, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, miscarriage, stillbirth, and developmental/behavior problems in the baby hence should be avoided at all cost.
Safe prescription medications during pregnancy
Some of the most common medical conditions during pregnancy are cold, flu, nausea, morning sickness, vomiting and diarrhea. In some cases bacterial infection and allergies can also occur and need medical consultation for the effective and safe treatment.
Allergies and allergic responses in the body can trigger inflammation, runny nose, watery and itchy eyes. The safest medications to be used for allergic reactions are:
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
- Loratadine (Claritin)
- Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
Some of the common side effects of anti-allergic medication are drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, fatigue and nausea. Rest and adequate hydration can aid in alleviating and reducing these symptoms.
For bacterial infections:
Infections such as strep throat, urinary tract infections, skin infections, genital tract infections, and soft tissue infections are common during pregnancy. However, not all antibiotics prescribed for these conditions are safe for pregnant women. Among the three safe classes of antibacterial drugs that pose no harm during pregnancy are:
- Penicillins (Amoxicillin)
- Cephalosporins (Cephalexin, Cefuroxime)
- Macrolides (Azithromycin, Erythromycin, Clindamycin)
Common side effects of antibiotics can be nausea, diarrhea, allergic reactions (ranging from mild rashes to severe reactions), abdominal discomfort or pain, headache and vomiting.
For cold and flu:
Common cold and flu can catch a prone easily with slight weather changes, however in pregnant women, not every medicine and home remedy can be suitable as they can be a potential threat to the developing baby. For effective and safe treatment of cold and flu, following are the medications often recommended by healthcare providers.
- Dextromethorphan (Robitussin)
- Guaifenesin (Mucinex)
- Vicks Vapor Rub mentholated cream
- Mentholated or non-mentholated cough drops
Side effects that can be observed when on cold and flu medications are dizziness, nausea, drowsiness and headache.
For GIT disturbances: Diarrhea and constipation
Gastrointestinal disturbances with pregnancy are common and often result in diarrhea or constipation. Pregnancy leaves us with few options to cater these medical conditions by fewer safe pregnancy medications.
- Loperamide for diarrhea is considered safe and prescribed by healthcare professionals.
- Methylcellulose fiber (Citrucel), Docusate (Colace) ,Psyllium (Metamucil), Polycarbophil (FiberCon), and polyethylene glycol (MiraLAX) are often prescribed to effectively treat constipation.
Side effects of these medications can be abdominal cramping, bloating and gas.
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is a safe OTC option for pain relief, fever, and headaches. Folic acid supplement is an OTC supplement considered safe to prevent birth defects.
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Hi Dr. Nicole, I am 4 months pregnant and caught by the common cold and flu. Can I get prescription for this , please?
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Robitussin once a day
One teaspoon daily for four days
FAQs about safe pregnancy medications
What should I do if I need to take medication while pregnant?
Consult your healthcare provider and discuss your need for medication. Only taking the prescribed and safe medicines is less likely to affect the developing fetus.
Can I continue taking medications prescribed before pregnancy?
No. You shouldn’t continue all the medications previously prescribed to you. Discuss your medication history with your doctor and get the prescribed medications after you get pregnant.
Are herbal supplements safe during pregnancy?
All herbal supplements or medications should only be taken if prescribed to you. Avoid self-medication while pregnant to lower the risks of any fetal abnormalities.
Which drug is not recommended in pregnancy?
Any drug that will lead to any potential harm to the developing fetus or mother will not be recommended in pregnancy. Mostly, Retinoids, warfarin, and certain blood pressure medications are advised to be avoided in pregnancy. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), some antibiotics, and benzodiazepines can also harm a baby.
What happens if you accidentally take vitamin A while pregnant?
Vitamin A is not recommended to be avoided altogether in pregnancy, but the dose should not exceed 10,000 IU per day. If you accidentally took over 10.000 IU of Vitamin A, consult your healthcare provider immediately. If it’s not exceeded, continue as prescribed. Make sure only to take the prescribed medications and supplements during pregnancy.
-edith bien aime
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