Relieve Constipation Before Your Period

Medically reviewed by Dr. Ola Tarabzuni

Key Takeaways

    • Hydration is key: Drink adequate water daily to hydrate your body and support healthy bowel movements.

    • Fibre is your friend: To bulk up your stools and encourage regularity, include fibre-rich items, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.

    • Stay active: Exercise frequently to promote bowel contractions and keep your digestive system in good shape.

    • Establish a routine: Listen to your body’s signals and establish a regular toilet routine to encourage regular bowel movements.

    • Manage stress: Stress can impact your digestive system, so find effective ways to manage stress through relaxation techniques, exercise, and self-care practices.

    • Choose whole foods: Limit processed foods and opt for whole, unprocessed alternatives rich in nutrients and fibre, supporting optimal digestion.


In the intricate dance of hormones that govern a woman’s menstrual cycle, there lies a hidden mystery that many women may have experienced but never fully understood – constipation before their period. While this lesser-known phenomenon often goes unnoticed, its impact on daily life can be significant. Estrogen and progesterone are crucial in the intricate balance of a woman’s menstrual cycle. While progesterone is known for its soothing effects, it can also slow down intestinal contractions, leading to constipation. This delicate hormonal dance disrupts the natural rhythm of the digestive system, causing unexpected fluctuations and uncharted territory.

This blog delves into the underlying causes, symptoms, and potential treatments for constipation before the period. Brace yourself for a captivating exploration of this perplexing connection that will give you a newfound understanding of your body’s intricate rhythms. 

Why Do I Get Constipation Before My Period? 

Experiencing constipation before your period can be a perplexing and frustrating occurrence. Understanding the underlying causes can shed light on this phenomenon. Within the delicate balance of a woman’s menstrual cycle, a mesmerizing symphony of hormones orchestrates many changes. Among these hormonal players, the ebb and flow of estrogen and progesterone assume a prominent role.

Progesterone, renowned for its soothing effects, can also cast a tranquilizing spell on intestinal contractions, leading to constipation. Thus, within the complex tapestry of hormonal interactions, this subtle dance disrupts the natural rhythm of the digestive system, inducing unexpected fluctuations and uncharted territory. Let’s explore in detail why constipation may occur before your period:

Hormonal Constipation Before the Period 

During the menstrual cycle, the levels of estrogen and progesterone rise and fall, orchestrating various changes in the body. Progesterone, in particular, is known to have a relaxing effect on smooth muscles, including those in the intestines. This relaxation can slow down the movement of stool through the digestive tract, leading to constipation.

Water Absorption and Progesterone

Progesterone can also affect water absorption in the intestines. As water is absorbed from the stool, it becomes harder and drier, making it more difficult to pass. This can contribute to constipation before your period.

Reduced Intestinal Contractions

Progesterone can inhibit the contractions of the muscles in the intestines, which are responsible for moving stool along the digestive tract. Slowed or weakened contractions can result in delayed transit time, causing stool to remain in the colon for extended periods and leading to constipation.

Changes in Diet and Fluid Intake

Premenstrual cravings and changes in appetite may cause some individuals to consume a diet low in fiber, essential for maintaining regular bowel movements. Additionally, hormonal fluctuations can lead to fluid retention, causing dehydration and further exacerbating constipation. Inadequate fluid intake can contribute to harder stools and difficulty passing them.

Stress and Emotional Factors

Emotional tension can be brought on by premenstrual syndrome (PMS)’s hormonal changes and physical discomfort. Stress can interfere with how the digestive system works, delaying bowel motions and making constipation more likely.

By understanding the intricate interplay of hormones, fluid dynamics, dietary choices, and emotional factors, you can better manage and alleviate if you are constipated on period. Incorporating dietary fiber, staying hydrated, working stress levels, and discussing any persistent symptoms with a healthcare professional can help restore balance and promote regular bowel movements during your menstrual cycle.

Can constipation be linked to period? Ask an Online Doctor

Ways to Relieve Constipation Before Period 

As the menstrual tide draws near, myriad symptoms take center stage, commanding our attention. Yet, amidst this vibrant tableau, constipation often lingers unnoticed, its significance underestimated. You may feel constipated one week before the period. Bloating and constipation before the period, abdominal discomfort, and infrequent bowel movements silently overshadow the premenstrual landscape.

Relieving constipation before your period doesn’t have to feel like navigating a labyrinth. There are various treatments available that can help ease the discomfort and restore regular bowel movements. So, let’s explore a range of possible remedies to conquer constipation and bid farewell to those premenstrual struggles.

Hormonal Birth Control for Constipation

Discover a surprising ally in the battle against constipation before your period. Beyond its contraceptive abilities, hormonal birth control can help keep your hormones stable, warding off digestive issues and providing relief. Regulating estrogen and progesterone levels allows it to restore harmony and bid constipation farewell. However, it’s important to remember that hormonal birth control isn’t for everyone.

Please consult your healthcare provider to discuss its suitability and explore the potential benefits and considerations. Unleash the power of stable hormones and embrace smoother digestion with this remarkable option.

Increase Fibre Intake

Fibre is a superhero in digestion, adding bulk to the stool and promoting bowel regularity. Load up on fiber-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. They are the “cleaning crew” that sweeps away constipation woes.

Hydration Heroics

Remember to drink plenty of water! Staying hydrated helps soften the stool, making it easier to pass. Aim for at least eight glasses of water per day. Embrace the power of hydration and let it wash away those constipation blues.

Exercise Magic

Get moving and embrace the wonders of exercise. Physical activity stimulates the muscles in your digestive system, promoting healthy bowel movements. Engage in activities you enjoy, whether dancing, walking, or even trying out a new workout routine. Let the rhythm of movement set your bowels in motion.

Time for Tea 

Sip on herbal teas known for their digestive benefits. Chamomile, ginger, and peppermint teas can help relax the gastrointestinal tract muscles and relieve constipation. Indulge in a soothing cup of tea and let its gentle warmth soothe your tummy.

Probiotic Power

Probiotics, the friendly bacteria that support gut health, may work wonders in easing constipation. Consider incorporating probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, or fermented vegetables into your diet. These “good guys” help maintain a healthy balance in your gut, promoting smoother bowel movements.

Fibre Supplements

Fiber supplements can be rescued if dietary changes are insufficient. Psyllium husk or other fiber supplements, available over the counter, can add bulk to the stool and facilitate regular bowel movements. Remember to follow the recommended dosage and consult a healthcare professional if needed.

Relaxation Techniques

Stress can wreak havoc on the digestive system, so finding ways to unwind and destress is crucial. Explore relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or gentle yoga. Embrace these moments of tranquillity and restore balance to both body and mind.

Over-the-counter Laxatives

OTC laxatives can be considered short-term solutions in severe cases or when other methods haven’t provided relief. However, it’s essential to use them sparingly and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Magnesium Boost

Magnesium is vital in muscle relaxation, including the digestive system’s muscles. Taking a magnesium supplement or incorporating magnesium-rich foods like leafy greens, nuts, and seeds into your diet can help promote regular bowel movements.

Warm Water Therapy 

Start your day with a comforting ritual of warm water therapy. Sip a glass of warm water on an empty stomach in the morning. This gentle practice can help stimulate bowel movements and provide relief from constipation.

Abdominal Massage

Give your abdomen some TLC by gently massaging it in a circular motion. This can stimulate bowel motility and relieve trapped gas, potentially alleviating constipation. It’s like a mini spa treatment for your tummy!

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera is not just for soothing sunburns. Consuming a small amount of aloe vera gel (from a reliable source) can have a mild laxative effect and help ease constipation. However, exercise caution and consult a healthcare professional before trying this remedy.

Avoid Trigger Foods

Some foods can exacerbate constipation, so it’s wise to avoid them. Processed foods, fried items, and excessive consumption of dairy products can contribute to sluggish digestion. By avoiding these triggers, you can support smoother bowel movements.

Acupressure Points

Explore acupressure techniques by applying gentle pressure to specific points on your body. Stimulating the acupressure points associated with digestion, such as the area between your navel and pubic bone, may help relieve constipation.

Mindful Eating

Slow down and savor your meals. Practice mindful eating. Pay attention to the food’s texture, taste, and aroma. Chewing thoroughly and taking time during meals can aid digestion and promote regular bowel movements.

Everyone’s body is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. With these strategies in your arsenal, you can tackle constipation before your period head-on. Empower yourself with fiber, hydration, exercise, and relaxation, and bid farewell to constipation’s unwelcome visit. Let your journey toward digestive bliss begin!

How do you stop PMS constipation? Consult an Online Doctor

How Can I Prevent Future Constipation?

Period and constipation can be frustrating. Preventing future episodes of periods with constipation requires adopting healthy habits and making lifestyle adjustments. Here are some tips to help you maintain regular bowel movements and to avoid constipation:

Stay Hydrated

To keep your body hydrated throughout the day, drink enough water. Aim for eight glasses of water or more each day. Drinking enough water aids healthy bowel motions and softens the stool.

Eat a High-Fiber Diet

Consume a lot of fiber-rich foods every day. Dietary fiber is abundant in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and beans. The bulk fiber makes the stool easier for the body to move through the digestive system. Try to have between 25 and 30 grams of fiber per day.

Regular Exercise

Exercise frequently to maintain the health of your digestive system. Exercise increases intestinal contractions, which aid with stoma transit. On most days of the week, try to get in at least 30 minutes of moderate activity.

Prioritize Fiber-Rich Breakfast

Start your day with a fiber-packed breakfast. Include whole-grain cereal, oatmeal, or whole-wheat toast to kick-start your digestion and promote regular bowel movements.

Practice Good Toilet Habits

When nature calls, listen! Please respond to the urge to have a bowel movement rather than postponing it. Establish a regular toilet routine to train your body to recognize and respond to the need for bowel movements.

Manage Stress

Stress may affect your digestive system, resulting in constipation. Find ways to deal with stress, such as mindfulness practices, interests, and the encouragement of loved ones. Reducing your stress can help your intestinal health.

Limit Processed Foods

Fast and processed foods frequently lack fiber and are heavy in harmful fats, which can cause constipation. Limit your consumption of these items and, whenever feasible, choose complete, unprocessed alternatives.

Don’t Ignore the Call

Constipation might result from ignoring the urge to poop. Regularity is maintained, and stools are kept soft and easy to pass by swiftly responding to your body’s signals.

Consider Probiotics

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that promote a healthy gut environment. They can help regulate bowel movements, support overall digestive health, and act as one of the period constipation remedies. Consult a healthcare professional to determine if probiotic supplements or probiotic-rich foods suit you.

Listen to Your Body

Pay attention to your body’s cues and act accordingly. Take action immediately if you experience constipation symptoms or any changes in your bowel habits to avoid the problem returning.

By incorporating these preventive measures into your lifestyle, you can establish healthy bowel habits and reduce the likelihood of experiencing constipation in the future. Consistency is vital, and your body may need time to adjust.

Does constipation mean pregnancy or period? Chat with an Online Doctor

Consult a Doctor

Don’t let period constipation keep you guessing. If it lasts over three days or disrupts your daily life, consult a doctor for guidance. Watch out for alarming signs like painful periods, blood in your stool, low back pain, heavy bleeding, throbbing pelvic and leg pain, persistent digestive issues, or nausea and vomiting during your period. These symptoms might point to something more serious, like IBS or endometriosis. Seeking medical attention ensures a thorough evaluation, proper care, and peace of mind. Remember, it’s better to be safe than sorry about your health.

Consult a doctor now if you are experiencing PMS constipation. 


How many days before the period do you get constipated?

Some individuals may experience constipation a few days before their period starts, while others may notice it 1-2 weeks in advance. It’s important to remember that everyone’s menstrual cycle is unique, and the onset and duration of symptoms can differ. If you consistently experience constipation before your period, it impacts your daily life.

Which hormone causes constipation?

Progesterone is the hormone produced during the menstrual cycle, primarily responsible for causing constipation. It has a relaxing effect on the muscles, including those in the intestines, which can slow the movement of the digestive tract. This disruption in the natural rhythm of the digestive system leads to constipation. Fluctuations in progesterone levels during the menstrual cycle contribute to this phenomenon.

How long does period constipation last?

Constipation during your period often lasts a few days, from a few days before the beginning of your period to a few days following its conclusion. The hormonal changes during your menstrual cycle are the reason for this.

Is constipation a period or pregnancy?

In the realm of early pregnancy and PMS, strange symptoms abound. Constipation before the period of pregnancy can be experienced. Constipation may surprise you during PMS, while bloating, weight gain, and mysterious gassiness can accompany early pregnancy. It’s as if our bodies have a mischievous sense of humor, playing tricks on us during these transformative phases.

Should I take a laxative before my period?

Several healthy women notice some changes in their bowel habits around their periods. Typically, the issue only last for a few days. An antispasmodic may ease cramping if it is severe. It’s acceptable to take a laxative if you experience extreme constipation.

Your Doctors Online uses high-quality and trustworthy sources to ensure content accuracy and reliability. We rely on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and medical associations to provide up-to-date and evidence-based information to the users.

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  • Bernstein, M.T., Graff, L.A., Avery, L. et al. Gastrointestinal symptoms before and during menses in healthy women. BMC Women’s Health 14, 14 (2014).
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  • ACOG. Problems of the Digestive System
  • KidsHealth. PMS, Cramps, and Irregular Periods
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Treatment for gas in the digestive tract

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