Facts about chlamydia


Chlamydia is one of the most common STIs worldwide. This fact sheet will help share chlamydia treatment, causes, symptoms, and important information surrounding this infection.

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for the widespread infection that goes by that name. It’s a bacterial infection that can be spread through sexual contact with an infected person. Many people infected with chlamydia show no symptoms at all; this infection is often referred to as a “silent” one. Some strains of chlamydia can lead to rare but serious infections like lymphogranuloma venereum and the preventable blinding disease trachoma.

What are the different types of Chlamydia?

Diseases that Chlamydia causes in humans include two different types based on the ways they spread:

Chlamydial agents that spread through direct contact:

Chlamydial agents that are transmitted through the respiratory route:

Chlamydia Trachomatis causes sexually transmitted diseases and is a common cause of concern for many individuals.

What is the best way for a person to determine if he or she is infected with an STI?

If you engage in sexual activity with more than one sexual partner, you should get tested for sexually transmitted infections regularly. Chlamydia is just one STI that may not manifest externally, making testing for it all the more important.

How soon do chlamydia symptoms appear?

Chlamydia symptoms may appear within a few days to a few weeks after exposure, although it’s important to note that many individuals with chlamydia do not experience symptoms (asymptomatic). Sexually active people who are at risk for HIV infection should get tested regularly.

Is chlamydia that serious?

Chlamydia can be a serious health concern, especially if left untreated. While it may not always cause immediate severe symptoms, untreated chlamydia can lead to complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in females, epididymitis in males, and an increased risk of infertility in both genders. During pregnancy, chlamydia can also lead to complications for the baby. Therefore, it is essential to diagnose and treat chlamydia promptly.

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia in females?

Symptoms of an STI in females can vary but may include:

It’s important to note that many STIs, including chlamydia, can be asymptomatic in females.

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia in men?

STI symptoms in men may include:

As with females, many STIs, including chlamydia, can also be asymptomatic in males.

Is chlamydia permanent?

No, chlamydia can not be cured. Antibiotics are effective in treating this. Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease that, if untreated, can cause serious complications.

How gonorrhea compares to chlamydia?

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are two common bacterial STIs that share some symptoms, such as genital discharge and painful urination. However, the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae that causes gonorrhea can spread to other body areas. Getting tested for STIs regularly and practicing safe sexual hygiene are essential ways to safeguard one’s sexual health.

What should I do if I think I’ve got an STI?

If you suspect you have an STI, it’s essential to take the following steps:

  1. Get Tested: Schedule an appointment with a healthcare provider or visit a sexual health clinic for STI testing.
  2. Practice Safe Sex: In the meantime, avoid sexual activity to prevent potential transmission to others.
  3. Inform Partners: If you test positive for an STI, notify your sexual partners so that they can also get tested and, if necessary, receive treatment.
  4. Follow Treatment: If you are diagnosed with an STI, you should follow the prescribed treatment plan provided by your healthcare provider.

Prevent Future Infections: Use barrier methods like condoms, practice safe sex, and consider regular STI testing to protect your sexual health and prevent future infections.

What permanent damage can chlamydia cause?

Permanent damage from chlamydia can include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in females, which can cause scarring of the reproductive organs, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. In males, it can lead to epididymitis, which can affect fertility. Both genders can also experience scarring and damage to the reproductive organs if chlamydia is left untreated.

Permanent damage from Chlamydia

Untreated chlamydia can lead to permanent damage, including:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in females can result in chronic pelvic pain and infertility.
  • Epididymitis in males, which may affect fertility.
  • Scarring and damage to the reproductive organs in both sexes.

Does Chlamydia cause permanent infertility in males?

Chlamydia can lead to infertility in males if it causes epididymitis, a painful inflammation of the epididymis (a tube near the testicles). If left untreated, epididymitis can lead to scarring and blockages that may affect sperm transport, potentially leading to infertility.

I have had chlamydia for two years. Can I still get pregnant?

If you have had chlamydia for 02 years without treatment, it increases the risk of complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can lead to infertility. However, it’s not possible to determine fertility on an individual basis without a thorough evaluation by a healthcare provider. 

If you suspect you have chlamydia or have been diagnosed with it, it’s crucial to seek treatment immediately to reduce the risk of complications. If you are concerned about fertility, consult a healthcare professional for guidance and possible fertility testing.

Is chlamydia curable with antibiotics?

Yes, chlamydia can be treated successfully with antibiotics like Azithromycin and Doxycycline. In most cases, the infection can be completely cured if it is diagnosed and treated quickly. Your healthcare provider will determine the most appropriate antibiotic and treatment regimen based on your situation.