Last modified: January 4, 2019
In the several decades that have passed, mental health issues have been more prevalent. To be more specific, depression has become more frequent in modern and urbanized countries like the United States and UK.
Depression has become so commonplace in present day society that mental health professionals sometimes refer to depression as, “the common cold of psychiatry.”
According to CDC research on depression, “Percent of persons aged 12 years and over with depression in any 2-week period: 7.6 percent (2009-2012).”
Major Depressive Disorder by the Numbers
The statistics for the life span pervasiveness of depression differs on the authority of the standards used to define depression. Using DSM5’s criteria for major depressive disorder, the life span pervasiveness is around 15 percent. The point of pervasiveness is around 5 percent.
This means that the average person has around one in seven chance of getting depression in the course of his or her life span, and around one in twenty chance of being afflicted with it at this very moment.
This is how people are more likely to develop this particular kind of mental health illness.This data though, disguises an unbalanced dispersal because depression is around twice more frequent in women than in men.
Causes for this unbalanced dispersal are not very clear, but mental health experts commonly thought that the causes are a combination of biological, psychological, and sociocultural aspects in the present day livesamong women.
Let’s take a deeper look at why depression is more common in women.
1. Biological Reasons
Women have a stronger genetic susceptibility to contracting depression than men. Women also experience more oscillating hormone levels, which is more evident during childbirth and menopause. According to mental health experts, both are actually linked with heightened risks of developing depression.
2. Psychological Reasons
Women are naturally more cogitative than men. They contemplate on things more, which is also a very good thing, but could also incline them to developing some mental health issues, specifically depression.
Men on the other hand, are more probable to respond to unfortunate situations with tolerance, rage, or substance abuse. Women are also basically more invested in relationships as compared to men. Relationship issues possibly affect them more, so they are more prone to eventually having depression.
3. Sociocultural Reasons
Women are almost always under more stress than men. Aside from working just like men, they are also expected to maintain the home, take care of the kids, care for the elderly, and put up with all of the sexism in the society. Undergoing all of those will definitely take a toll on anyone’s physical and mental health.
Women usually live longer than their male counterparts. The older they get, the more they are subjected to loneliness, bereavement, poor physical health, and the lack of well-paid work. As a result, they are more susceptible to developing mental health problems such as depression.
Women are also more foreseeable to look out for a diagnosis of depression. They are the ones who are more probable to consult a mental health professional and also more open to discuss their feelings with the doctor.
Contrarily, regardless of the gender of the diagnosing mental health professional, doctors are more inclined to make a diagnosis of depression if the patients are women.
Submitted by Dr. Richard Honaker: http://www.independentmedicalexaminer.com/IME-Directory/Virginia/Dr-Richard-A-Honaker-MD.asp
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